源码编译安装LAMP虽然过程繁琐,但可以根据自己PHP程序的需要配置相应的环境,非常的灵活。对于比较急于配置好LAMP的同学,可以使用lamp一键安装。
卸载yum或rpm安装的amp软件
在编译安装lamp之前,首先先卸载已存在的rpm包吧。

rpm -e httpd
rpm -e mysql
rpm -e php
yum -y remove httpd
yum -y remove php
yum -y remove mysql-server mysql
yum -y remove php-mysql

禁用SeLinux
selinux可能会致使编译安装失败,我们先禁用它。

sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config //永久禁用,需要重启生效
setenforce 0 //临时禁用,不需要重启

yum安装必要工具
1、安装编译工具gcc gcc-c++make automake autoconf kernel-devel
2、安装PHP所需依赖,如libxml2-devel openssl-devel curl-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel等

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++  make automake autoconf kernel-devel ncurses-devel libxml2-devel openssl-devel curl-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel  pcre-devel libtool-libs freetype-devel gd zlib-devel file bison patch mlocate flex diffutils   readline-devel glibc-devel glib2-devel bzip2-devel gettext-devel libcap-devel libmcrypt-devel

下载所需源码

apache:http://httpd.apache.org/
mysql:http://mysql.com/downloads/mysql/
php:http://php.net/downloads.php
phpmyadmin:http://www.phpmyadmin.net/home_page/downloads.php

我们这里选择的版本为:apache-2.2.22,mysql-5.1.62,php-5.2.17,phpmyadmin-3.4.10.2

cd /tmp
wget -c http://apache.ziply.com//httpd/httpd-2.2.22.tar.gz
wget -c http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.1/mysql-5.1.64.tar.gz/from/http://mysql.he.net/
wget -c http://us2.php.net/get/php-5.2.17.tar.gz/from/am.php.net/mirror
wget -c http://iweb.dl.sourceforge.net/project/phpmyadmin/phpMyAdmin/3.4.10.2/phpMyAdmin-3.4.10.2-all-languages.tar.gz
tar xzf httpd-2.2.22.tar.gz
tar xzf mysql-5.1.62.tar.gz
tar xzf php-5.2.17.tar.gz
tar xzf phpMyAdmin-3.4.10.2-all-languages.tar.gz

安装apache2.2.22

cd /tmp/httpd-2.2.22
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache --with-included-apr --enable-so --enable-deflate=shared --enable-expires=shared  --enable-headers=shared --enable-rewrite=shared --enable-static-support
make
make install

编译参数解释:
–prefix=/usr/local/apache:指定安装目录
–with-included-apr:在编译时强制使用当前源代码中绑定的APR版本
–enable-so:允许运行时加载DSO模块
–enable-deflate=shared:将deflate模块编译为DSO
–enable-expires=shared:将expires模块编译为DSO
–enable-headers=shared:将headers模块编译为DSO
–enable-rewrite=shared:将rewrite模块编译为DSO
–enable-static-support:使用静态连接(默认为动态连接)编译所有二进制支持程序
更详细的编译参数解释:http://lamp.linux.gov.cn/Apache/ApacheMenu/programs/configure.html

cp build/rpm/httpd.init /etc/init.d/httpd //使用init脚本管理httpd
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/httpd //增加执行权限
chkconfig --add httpd  //添加httpd到服务项
chkconfig  httpd on   //设置开机启动
ln -fs /usr/local/apache/ /etc/httpd
ln -fs /usr/local/apache/bin/httpd /usr/sbin/httpd
ln -fs /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl /usr/sbin/apachectl
ln -fs /usr/local/apache/logs /var/log/httpd //设置软链接以适应init脚本

安装mysql5.1.62

groupadd mysql
useradd -g mysql mysql
cd /tmp/mysql-5.1.62
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql/ --localstatedir=/usr/local/mysql/data --without-debug --with-unix-socket-path=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-client-ldflags=-all-static --with-mysqld-ldflags=-all-static --enable-assembler --with-extra-charsets=gbk,gb2312,utf8 --with-pthread
make
make install

编译参数解释:
–prefix=/usr/local/mysql/:指定安装位置
–localstatedir=/usr/local/mysql/data:指定数据库文件位置
–without-debug:禁用调用模式
–with-unix-socket-path=/tmp/mysql.sock:指定sock文件位置
–with-client-ldflags=-all-static:
–with-mysqld-ldflags=-all-static:以纯静态方式编译服务端和客户端
–enable-assembler:使用一些字符函数的汇编版本
–with-extra-charsets=gbk,gb2312,utf8 :gbk,gb2312,utf8字符支持
–with-pthread:强制使用pthread库(posix线程库)
更多编译参数请执行./configure –help命令查看。

cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf //复制配置文件夹my.cnf
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql  //初始化数据库
chown -R root.mysql /usr/local/mysql
chown -R mysql /usr/local/mysql/data 
cp /tmp/mysql-5.1.62/support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld  //init启动脚本
chown root.root /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld 
chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
chkconfig --add mysqld
chkconfig  mysqld on
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /usr/bin
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin /usr/bin
service mysqld start
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password '新密码'   //设置root密码

安装PHP5.2.17
在编译php之前,先要解决两个问题:centos 6上libmcrypt的安装和可能有些系统找不到libiconv导致的错误。
1、centos 6官方源已经没有libmcrypt的rpm包,我们这里选择编译安装,当然你也可以导入第三方源安装(centos 5略过此步)。
下载源码:

cd /tmp
wget http://superb-dca2.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
wget http://superb-dca2.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mhash/mhash/0.9.9.9/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
wget http://superb-sea2.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/MCrypt/2.6.8/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
tar xzf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
tar xzf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
tar xzf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
//安装libmcrypt
cd /tmp/libmcrypt-2.5.8
./configure --prefix=/usr
make && make install
//安装libmcrypt
cd /tmp/mhash-0.9.9.9
./configure --prefix=/usr
make && make install
//安装mcrypt
/sbin/ldconfig //搜索出可共享的动态链接库
cd /tmp/mcrypt-2.6.8
./configure
make && make install
2、解决可能出现的libiconv错误。
cd /tmp
wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.14.tar.gz
tar xzf libiconv-1.14.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.14
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libiconv
make && make install
开始安装php-5.2.17:
cd /tmp/php-5.2.17
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs --with-config-file-path=/etc --with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php.d --with-openssl --with-zlib --enable-bcmath --with-bz2 --with-curl --enable-ftp --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-gettext --with-mhash --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --enable-soap --enable-zip --with-iconv=/usr/local/libiconv --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --without-pear
make
make install
编译参数解释:
--prefix=/usr/local/php:设置安装路径
--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs:编译共享的 Apache 2.0 模块
--with-config-file-path=/etc:指定配置文件php.ini地址
--with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php.d:指定额外的ini文件目录
--with-openssl:编译OpenSSL支持
--with-zlib:编译zlib支持
--enable-bcmath:启用BC风格精度数学函数
--with-bz2:BZip2支持
--with-curl:CRUL支持
--enable-ftp:FTP支持
--with-gd:GD支持
--enable-gd-native-ttf:启用TrueType字符串函数
--with-gettext:启用GNU gettext支持
--with-mhash:mhash支持
--enable-mbstring:启用支持多字节字符串
--with-mcrypt:编译mcrypt加密支持
--enable-soap:SOAP支持
--enable-zip:启用zip 读/写支持
--with-iconv=/usr/local/libiconv:iconv支持
--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql:启用mysql支持
--without-pear:不安装PEAR

更多编译参数解释参考http://www.php.net/manual/zh/configure.about.php或者./configure –help查看。

cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini //复制配置文件php.ini
在/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf文件中加入php文件类型解析:
Addtype application/x-httpd-php .php

重启httpd:

service httpd restart

转自:https://www.centos.bz